Open Access Policy
JRDA by AIOU is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Based on a work at www.aiou.edu.pk. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at Licensing and Copyright .
All articles published by JRDA are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License . This permits anyone to copy, redistribute, transmit and adapt the work provided the original work and source is appropriately cited as specified by the Creative Commons Attribution License.