During the War of Independence 1857-58, the areas, including Peshawar, which are now called Khyber Pakhtunkhaw were part of the Punjab Province. When the news of outbreak of war reached at Lahore and Peshawar, the people of Punjab started preparations to rise against the foreign rule. The British had to face many uprisings in the Punjab and the people rose against them at Gugera, Murree, Sialkot, Jhelum, Multan, Ludhiana and Peshawar. Like other areas the British succeeded to crush the freedom-fighters in the Punjab as well as at Peshawar by using their famous strategy ‘divide and rule’. The freedom-fighters had no organization and did not have coordination among themselves. Unfortunately a large section of the local population especially the elites of the Peshawar valley decided to stand with the foreign rulers for their personal interests. The present study narrates the events of war at Peshawar valley and the atrocities inflicted upon the people of Peshawar by the British imperialists to crush the movement.
Keywords: Peshawar Valley, Punjab, Freedom-fighters, British, Disarming, Sepoys