On the Origin of Gypsies

Syed Alamdar Nabi, Nasir Abbas, Firdos Atta & Munir Khan



Romani language, also called Gypsy, is a satellite language of the New Indo Aryan (NIA) family spoken mainly in Eastern Europe. The speakers of this language departed from the Subcontinent approximately one thousand years ago. They moved to Turkey via Iran and reached Eastern Europe. A very strong dominant view among the linguists is that Romani originated from Punjab and at the time of their departure from this area their forefathers either spoke some form of Punjabi or Hindi, whereas some researchers think that forefathers of the Gypsies were speakers of either Kashmiri or Sindhi or (Saraiki. In the current study, we highlight similarities between Gypsy (Romani) and Pakistani languages of NIA family and conclude that forefathers of the modern-day Romani were speakers of an older version of either Saraiki or Sindhi or Kashmiri. The core argument of this paper is based on the evidence that Kashmiri, Saraiki and Sindhi have palatalization and complex three-way pronominal suffixes with verbs which they share with Romani which is an indication of genetic relations between Romani and these Pakistani languages.


Keywords: Indo-Aryan, Romani, Saraiki, Sindhi, Grammar

Permanent link to this article: https://jssh.aiou.edu.pk/?p=1612

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