Development of Gender-based Pakistani Academic Word List (G-PAWL)

Tehseen Zahra & Akhtar Abbas



Differences in the language used by men and women have intrigued scholars since long. However, the use of corpus-based techniques for such research is infrequent, especially in Pakistan. After the advent of the concept of World Englishes, corpora are developed to show the identity of different countries, individuals, regions and areas of the world. Likewise, English spoken and written in Pakistan is different from the English language used in various countries/areas of the world. There is not only worldwide differences in spoken and written discourses, researches show that language used by men and women is also different. Therefore, this research aims at exploring lexical items used by men and women and ultimately developing Gender-based Pakistani Academic Word List (G-PAWL). The research articles from three disciplines of social sciences (Education, History and English) published in HEC recognized research journal of Y category were collected. Academic word lists, occurrences/frequencies of lexical items and contextual uses of lexicons by Pakistani writers in research papers are explored through corpus-based techniques. The academic word list of male writers comprises of more words (124 words) than female writers (37 words). Variation in contextual use of language is explored by using lexical item language. The findings demonstrate the variations in language used by men and women in Pakistani written academic discourse.

Keywords: Gender-based, Corpus, Academic Word List, Variation.

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