Intersections of Ecofeminism in Kamala Markandaya’s Novel Nectar in a Sieve

Farkhanda Nazir*, Rabia Zubair& Khamsa Qasim**



Crucial to feminists studies concerning to degradation is the textual analysis of male world’s domination over ecology and women on parallel level. Ecofeminism is a multidimensional term that has roots in different feminist practices and philosophies. These different perspectives reflect a variety of feminist approaches and mirror different understandings of nature and solution to burning environmental problems. I trace within Kamala Markandaya’s Nectar in a Sieve that how women have been marginalized and devalued on a large scale since the very birth of colonization. Similarly, the other oppressed non-human body; environment has also been degraded, devalued and mistreated by the local domination of masculine regimes and by the colonizers. This text highlights how poor live under inhuman conditions in these male chauvinistic societies. In these patriarchal societies, particularly in the villages of third world countries women and nature are regarded as equal and same due to their nurturing and reproductive qualities. Gender discrimination and exploitation of these rural families and other evils are also at affinity. The arrival of white missionaries in these agrarian societies creates the problems for innocent village dwellers in the form of alienation and displacement. The study objective includes finding out not only women’s relation to nature and society’s treatment to nature but finding their place within class and gender discriminated patriarchal and capitalist societies also. It also aims at to trace the gender and class issues in the novel to ascertain a triangular relationship of the theory (ecofeminism, Marxism and post colonialism) by developing an intersectional medium.


Ecofeminism, Post-colonial Ecofeminism, Marxist Ecofeminism, Alienation, Displacement


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