Breaking Stereotypes: Life and Works of Begum Rashid Jahan, Ismat Chugtai and Begum Khurshid Mirza

Sahira Abbasi

Abstract

 

In the west, 19th century witnessed various social reform movements like movement against slavery, fight for public schools, humane prisons, greater political representation and the movement for women’s civil, political and economic rights. Indian society during 19th century was experiencing political transition and by becoming Britain’s colony India began to experience the impact of western ideas on its society as well. One such impact was that of feminism which demanded greater social, economic and political rights for women all over the world. Indian society was dominantly patriarchal in nature and so, these western ideals of women freedom and social equality were not very much welcomed among the masses of India. During the late 19th century and the early 20th century there were a few brave women who broke the customs, taboos and social stereotypes and set an example of courage and bravery. These women at that time came out of seclusion and became active on the social podium. In this article the courage and bravery of some of those Muslim women is presented and how they became an example and symbol of female social liberation during early 20th century in Indian Subcontinent.

Keywords: 19th Century, Patriarchal Society, Indian Women, Muslim Women, Purdah, 20th Century, Female Emancipation, Feminism, Gender Inequality

Permanent link to this article: http://jssh.aiou.edu.pk/?p=1438

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